marinni (marinni) wrote in interiors_ru,
marinni
marinni
interiors_ru

Кабинеты и библиотеки."Сockfighting chairs"

"Сockfighting chairs"- Кресла и стулья для петушиных боев, или для чтения и письма.






Почему же кресла так назывались?
-------------История----------
=================================

Петушиные бои были очень распространенным и азартным развлечениям с древних времен во многих странах- от Англии до Китая и Японии.
В Англии 18-19 века они были повальным увлечением. Ежегодные открытые конкурсы и самые высокие ставки были установлены в Королевских боях в Гайд-парке в Лондоне, они проводились во всех городах Англии и часто- в Америке.



Two cocks fighting in a cock-pit.
July 1776

В специальных залах смешивались все классы и сословия, страсти там кипели нешуточные- не зря аристократы ходили туда с палками.

After Robert Dighton
Денди с палкой-тростью, на полу- пригласительный на Королевские петушиные бои.
A young dandy, dice and advertisement for the Royal Cock Pit on the floor; from a set.
18 June 1795

Аристократия и помещики, особенно жившие за городом, могли проводить бои в своих особняках, вплоть до гостиных.




Так, по свидетельствам- новая жена графа Дерби еле уговорила его прекратить практику петушиных боев в своей гостиной.


Georgian Cockfighting Chair
Circa 1850
Такие стулья впервые были сделаны в Англии для библиотек в начале 18 века.

На стульях с пюпитрами удобно было делать пометки и записывать ставки, поэтому их вполне могли переносить из библиотек, но не исключено, что фанаты их заказывали специально, многие антиквары пишут об этом.
----------------СТУЛЬЯ--"COCKFIGHTING CHAIR"--------
==========================================



На эти стулья можно было сесть наоборот, лицом к спинке, получалась опора для рук, если подставить пюпитр- было удобно читать и писать.


Interesting cast metal figure, in the form of a Toby character, sitting on a cockfighting chair, with a basket on his back.

По словам антикваров- они стали называться так по иллюстрациям и картинкам, где на них сидят именно зрители петушиных боев.

Но некоторые историки это отрицают, выдвигая разные версии этого названия: что такие стулья были в церкви Cockpen Church, Midlothian в 1750-х или что они пошли от китайских птичих клеток.

Как бы то ни было- название сохранилось и им пользуются для обозначения этих стульев.


--------------С подушечкой--------------
=============================================


ANTIQUE LOUIS XVI STYLE COCK FIGHTING CHAIRS

Louis XV style fruitwood cock-fighting chair

--------------------------

CARVED COCKFIGHT CHAIR WITH ARMREST COMPARTMENT.

---------------------

A French Provincial Style Cock-fighting Chair

Louis XV-Style Carved Walnut Cockfighting Chair

American Rococo Carved Oak Cockfighting Chair




В спинках были ящички и углубления, и не только для бумаги и письменных принадлежностей- но и для бутылок и стаканов!)
---------------------

19th century French provincial "Cock-Fighting" chair

----------------------------------


--------------Полукруглые---------


A rare Mahogany William lV English Reading/cock fighting chair.


Victorian cockfighting chair, profusely carved frame and complete with collapsable lecturn to back

Mahogany and leather cockfighting chair







Antique "Cockfighting Chair" with nailhead trim
England, c1870
--------------------




-------------С полочками и пюпитрами-----------
===============================================



George I style mahogany & leather upholstered cock-fighting chair



A Vintage George III-Style Mahogany Cock-Fighting Chai





George III-Style Cockfighting Chair



A George IV Mahogany Cock Fighting Chair, with concave shaped back caned centre flanked by U-shapes armrests



George II Walnut George II Walnut Reading/Cockfighting Chair
England
Circa 1740
This splendid George II-period reading/cockfighting chair is stunning in both form and quality.


--------Стулья для чтения-Reading Chair------------
=================================================
Здесь можно сравнить- это практически одни и те же стулья и кресла:




----------------Полукруглые-----------







Rare George ll Reading Chair From The Hal B.Wallis Estate
England
1700's
Beautiful Mahogany horse shoe shaped seat with new leather.


A George I Mahogany and Walnut Reading Chair,
circa 1725, having an upholstered back and seat within shaped arms, the back set with a hinged panel on easel supports


==================================
The cockpits were in general a hurly-burley place where all social classes mingled intent on their frenzied betting and the matches. Though every town of any size boasted a cockpit, country gentlemen were known to hold matches in their drawing rooms. This pastime was a common enough practice to prompt furniture makers to offer cockfighting chairs. It is said that the new wife of the Earl of Derby prevailed upon him to end the practice of cockfighting in their drawing room. There were cockpits in London at Grey's Walk and Jenny's Whim Tea Garden and a new one opened at Millbank in 1831.
--------------------------
There were cockpits in London at Grey's Walk and Jenny's Whim Tea Garden and a new one opened at Millbank in 1831.
Annual open contests for high stakes were mounted at the Cockpit Royal in Hyde Park, where the season began on Shrove Tuesday.


Cockfighting chairs are among the most rarest of all Georgian furniture. To find one in such excellent condition is truly exceptional.

Cockfighting was arguably the Georgian period's most widespread sport. The pastime ranged across the social classes, and cockpits were in general a hurly-burley place where all social classes mingled amid frenzied betting and fevered matches. Though every town of any size boasted a cockpit, country gentlemen were known to hold matches in their drawing rooms. This pastime was a common enough practice to prompt furniture makers to offer chairs made especially for the sport.



Bring one firmly into the 20th century there are a number of items of furniture on offer with provenance from Dartington Hall amongst these are some affordable tubular steel from makers such as Marcel Bruer, Practical Equipment Ltd and Mies van der Rohe.


http://www.georgianindex.net/Sport/Cock/cock.html

Erroneously referred to as 'cock fighting' chairs as many 18th century illustrations of the sport depicted them lot 694 is actually a library or reading chair that would allow an individual to 'mount' the chair lean on the back and peruse his favourite volume. However, there can be little doubt that whilst the cockpit was the preferred venue fights did also occur in domestic setting, the new wife of the Earl of Derby was not keen that it occurred in her drawing room. Although something of a tenuous link one can't help much mention lot 735 a pair of Chinese Chippendale arm chairs often generically referred to as 'Cockpen' chairs, whilst the idea of them being based on the cages used to house Oriental fowls is a pleasing one it is another apocryphal story. The truth is less interesting and that they were base on a Chinese design first used for the pew chairs in Cockpen Church, Midlothian in the 1750's.

http://www.britishmuseum.org/
http://www.1st-art-gallery.com/
http://imgc.allpostersimages.com/
-------------------------
http://www.liveauctioneers.com/
http://static.antiquesatlas.com/
http://www.panacheantiques.com/
http://rossauction.com/
http://img1.classistatic.com/
http://www.1stdibs.com/
Tags: библиотеки, история интерьера
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